Cannabinoids are active organic chemical compounds that act on cannabinoid receptors in the human body.
There are two types of cannabinoids:
- Endocannabinoids - the human body produces them itself;
- Phytocannabinoids – are of plant origin.
The best known are the second cannabinoids: tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol.
THC is the psychoactive component of cannabis. Once in the body, it acts on cannabinoid receptors in various structures of the brain. THC molecules alter the ability of neurons to transmit nerve impulses, causing conditions like
- inhibited behavior;
- high spirits and unbridled laughter;
- Decreased concentration and memory;
- Distorted perception;
- Habituation with prolonged consumption.
CBD is not a psychoactive substance, nor does it induce an altered state of consciousness. It has the opposite effect - it calms and reduces anxiety. This is due to its effects on the human endocannabinoid system, which is responsible for homeostasis, maintaining the body's internal balance and its ability to withstand external stressors.
How CBD affects the body:
- Reduces stress levels;
- Relieves even chronic pain;
- Alleviates the symptoms of neurological diseases; - Improves sleep;
- Heals inflammatory processes.
This is exactly why CBD is used in the health industry and is legal in most countries.